After recovering from Covid-19, various types of deadly diseases continue to emerge among humans. Diseases that used to be common, now even the flu, have become a threat.
Table of Contents
Zika Virus Origin
Now these days mosquitoes became a major threat. Now the virus has become a threat from mosquito bites. Yes, a pregnant woman in Kerala is infected with Zika virus after being bitten by a mosquito.
This was confirmed by the Minister of Health of Kerala. Currently, the report is awaited by the National Institute of Virology, Pune.
What is the zika virus and how does it spread?
The Zika is most commonly transmitted by the infected Aedes mosquito. Aedes mosquitoes transmit dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.
The virus can pass from a pregnant woman to her fetus and cause babies born with microcephaly and other birth defects. However, research into this is still ongoing.
However, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people infected with Zika virus can transmit the disease to their partners.
According to information to date, pregnant women are at high risk of contracting the Zika. There is also the danger of miscarriage as a result.
Zika Virus Causes
The Zika is transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquitoes bite early in the morning and at night. Infection can only occur by one bite at a time.
Zika was discovered in 1947 in Zika Forest in Uganda. 1st case of Zika Virus was reported in 1952.
Zika Virus symptoms
These are the most common symptoms that have been found in humans and usually last for 2-7 days –
Low temperature to high Races
Muscle and joint pain
Nausea and vomiting
All of these symptoms are also found in patients with dengue and malaria. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish between these diseases.
How is the Zika virus spread?
In most cases, the Zika is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito. These mosquitoes are very active during the day and can transmit other diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and malaria.
Apart from this, it can also be transmitted through contact with an infected person and possibly through blood donations. Also, the virus can be passed from an infected mother to her newborn baby or fetus.
Zika virus in India
On 8 July 2021, Zika (ZIKV) infection was confirmed in a citizen of Kerala, South India. This was the first case of Zika disease in India. The virus was detected by RT-PCR (RT-PCR) tests at the National Institute of Virology (NIV) Pune.
On 31 July 2021, the first case of Zika was confirmed from the Belsar region of Maharashtra. Recently, more than 25 people were diagnosed with Zika in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. The city of Kanpur is now a hotbed of the virus. The number of cases here has increased to 66.
The Department of Health has been alerted to the growing incidents of Zika. According to health experts, the issue of the Zika has exacerbated problems amid growing cases of Corona and dengue.
It can be difficult for patients to distinguish between these three diseases. In such a case, because of the lack of timely diagnosis of the disease, there is a fear of deterioration of the condition.
What are some ways to avoid the Zika virus?
The best way to prevent Zika is to avoid mosquitoes. Avoid mosquito bites indoors and out, especially in the morning and evening. Mosquitoes are very active during this time.
Steps to prevent mosquitoes:
Use mosquito repellent.
Wear a long-sleeved shirt and long pants.
Keep windows closed in the morning and evening.
Be sure to use mosquito nets.
Other ways to prevent Zika virus:
Use a condom during sex if you are in a Zika infected area. Keep doing this for at least 8 weeks even if the number of incidents is small. It will not spread sexually transmitted infections.
If symptoms are detected, condoms should be used for six months after infection.
Travelers returning from affected areas Zika should not donate blood for 28 days. This will not spread the infection.
Treatment of zika virus
There is no specific drug or cure for Zika
* Relax a lot.
* Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
Take an acetaminophen (Tylenol®) medication to reduce fever and pain.
* Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue is removed to reduce the risk of bleeding.
* If you are taking medication for another health condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
Health Effects And Risks Of Zika Virus
* Zika is usually mild, and serious illness requiring hospitalization and death are rare.
* Zika infection during pregnancy can cause serious complications during birth and is associated with other pregnancy complications.
* Rarely, Zika may cause Guillain-Barré syndrome, a rare neurological disorder in which the body’s immune system damages nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and, in some cases, paralysis.
* It is not uncommon for Zika to develop a serious brain disease, causing inflammation of the brain or spinal cord or blood disorders that can cause bleeding, abrasions or small blood clots.
More About the Zika virus
* Zika is still widely distributed by the bite of the infected Aedes mosquito (Ae. Aegypti and Ae. Albopictus). These mosquitoes bite day and night.
* Zika can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause some birth defects.
* There is no vaccine or cure for Zika.